India is set to deploy its own long-range air defense system by 2028-29 under Project Kusha. The indigenous long-range surface-to-air missile (LR-SAM) system is being developed by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO).
The LR-SAM system will have a range of up to 350 km and will be capable of intercepting a wide range of threats, including stealth aircraft, cruise missiles, and ballistic missiles. It will be comparable to the Russian S-400 Triumf air defense system, which India is currently inducting into its armed forces.
The deployment of the LR-SAM system will be a significant boost to India’s air defense capabilities. It will provide India with a credible deterrent against air attacks from its adversaries, such as China and Pakistan.
Here are some of the key features of the LR-SAM system:
- Range: 350 km
- Altitude: 20 km
- Speed: Mach 6
- Targets: Stealth aircraft, cruise missiles, ballistic missiles
- Guidance: Mid-course inertial navigation system and terminal active radar seeker
The LR-SAM system is expected to be deployed along India’s borders with China and Pakistan, as well as around key strategic assets such as nuclear power plants and air bases. It will also be integrated into India’s air defense network, which includes ground-based radars, fighter jets, and other air defense systems.
The development and deployment of the LR-SAM system is a major milestone in India’s quest for self-reliance in the defense sector. It is also a sign of India’s growing military capabilities.
Which companies make long-range surface-to-air missile (LR-SAM) systems in India?
The LR-SAM system is being developed by a number of Indian companies, including:
- Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
- Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
- Larsen & Toubro (L&T)
- Tata Advanced Systems Limited (TASL)
BEL is responsible for developing the missile seeker, radar, and command and control system. DRDO is responsible for developing the missile guidance system and propulsion system. L&T is responsible for developing the missile launcher and ground support equipment. TASL is responsible for developing the missile fuselage and warhead.
The LR-SAM system is a complex system that requires the integration of a number of different technologies. The Indian companies involved in the development of the system are all well-respected and have a proven track record in the defense sector.
It is expected that the LR-SAM system will be manufactured in India by a consortium of these companies. This will help to boost India’s defense manufacturing capabilities and reduce its reliance on imports.